KARDINER, ABRAM (–), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born and educated in New York City, Kardiner studied with *Freud from to In he was. Dr. Abram Kardiner, a leading American psychoanalyst who was one of the last living persons to have been analyzed by Sigmund Freud, died. Abram Kardiner’s 13 research works with citations and reads, including: The Mark of Oppression: Exploration in the Personality of the American Negro.

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Abram Kardiner – Wikipedia

Based on work conducted at No. The first session had only two students, but the seminar eventually grew to a hundred and included many distinguished anthropologists.

Date and year link. The standard practice was for an anthropologist to describe a culture; Kardiner would then analyze it in terms of his neo-Freudian ego psychology. In he was appointed clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University and in director of the psychoanalytic clinic.

Kardiner sought to demonstrate the applicability of his BPS theory to modern, complex American society with the publication in of The Mark of Oppression: It was from these cultural institutions, therefore, that the basic personality expected in the culture could be inferred. Kzrdiner using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Basically, Kardiner posited a congruence between childhood experiences and expressive culture, mediated by the BPS, the same kind of congruity that Freud identified between parents and gods in The Future of an Illusion. This page was last edited on 22 Mayat But in her classic kkardiner, The People of Alorwhich included chapters and sections by Kardiner, DuBois replaced the concept of basic personality with modal personality, referring to central tendencies in the personalities of members of a society that are not necessarily shared by all.


Inthe director, Sandor Rado, asked Kardiner to develop a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture. Committee on Problems of Neurotic Behavior.

This article about an American scientist is a stub. Secondary institutions were based on the psychological process of projection and served to satisfy unmet needs symbolically.

May Click [show] for important translation instructions. The basic personality expressed itself unconsciously in secondary institutions such as folklore, art, and religion. Kardiner is best known in anthropology for his concepts of basic personality structure and projective systems. He is most famously known for authoring The Traumatic Neuroses of War [7]available for downloadseen by many modern researchers and clinicians as a seminal krdiner on combat related psychological trauma.

Abram Kardiner – Anthropology – iResearchNet

Medal of Freedom Recipients. In he went to Vienna for a six-month training analysis with Sigmund Freud, and also took the opportunity to attend lectures by Geza Roheim on psychoanalysis and anthropology. One problem Kardiner encountered was the availability of cultural, but not psychological data on the societies investigated.

The Traumatic Neuroses of War. Kardiner co-authored with Lionel Ovesey Mark of Oppressionwhich explored the impact of social pressures on the African-American personality.


Kardiner postulated the existence of a basic personality structure BPS personality traits shared by members of a society as a result of common early experiences. Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[: Medal of Honor Recipients. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After the war, Linton left Columbia, and Kardiner moved his seminar to the sociology department.

Kardiner’s theoretical procedure involved analyses of the social frustration of adult neurotics and “normal” individuals within the Western culture. Kardiner, and those avram his lead, believed it possible to elicit a “basic personality structure” — a set of trends entering into the characters of all individuals reared in the same culture. Kardiner died in at the age of Kardiner published his major abrram to anthropology, The Individual and His Society inwith Linton as a contributor.


Kardiner, Abram

Xbram was deeply interested in cross-cultural diagnosis and the psychoanalytic study of culture. This structure was the product of “primary institutions” such as child training methods in dealing with aggression and sex and the family organization. National Research Council U. He divided culture into primary institutions, which generated the BPS, and secondary institutions, which were expressions of the BPS. Views Read Edit View history.