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Reports on the three psiqiatria seminars mentioned above served as the basis for developing national mental health programs under the ministries of health in several countries. In September, the PAHO Directing Council discussed and adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among other things, urged the Member States to: To this end, he visited every country in the Region and noted the pdiquiatria programs, active psychiatric care services, and psychiatry education programs offered at the different universities.
From December and OctoberDr. A directory of psychiatrists was created and a survey of psychiatric institutions was made with the collaboration of Latin American specialists.
PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
In September, the PAHO Directing Council discussed and adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among other things, urged the Member States to:. The Brasilia Declaration mentioned the new challenges that had become more evident over the past 15 years. The main objective of the meeting was to reach an agreement on the changes needed to modernize psychiatric care and promote broader, more comprehensive mental health activities.
Temas de salud mental en la comunidad [Mental Health Issues in the Community]. A technical collaboration program was launched in almost every country in the Region, which lasted for several years in the s.
At this event, actions were proposed for the development of regional subprograms on: Monitoring was another important element of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America that bears mentioning.
As part of these processes, the Central America and Panama Action Group was created, which lasted for several years.
Inthe World Health Organization WHO decided to launch a series of initiatives to put mental health on the global policy agenda and make it more visible throughout the world, and developed a set of extremely useful instruments and programs.
Levav was the coordinator of this program. A project known as “Mental Health, Disabilities and Rehabilitation” was created, which, in addition to mental health, included the component of physical and mental disability. Even though the new Declaration addressed already existing problems, no direct focus had been placed on these issues during the Caracas meeting, which centered more on reforming services and protecting the human rights of people with mental disorders.
Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
Antededentes andseveral technical meetings on mental health education were held, involving professors and subject specialists. National Institutes of Health provided cooperation in this area.
Technology, Health Care and Research. La Reforma de los Servicios de Salud Mental: Other community mental health approaches also bear mentioning: The highlight of this event was a Declaration that established the principles to advance reform in the Hemisphere. Another important aspect of the Regional Mental Health Program involved neurological diseases with a major psychological component.
Some of the most important elements of the period were:. Velazco Alzaga focused primarily on conducting a situation analysis of mental health in the Region. During the s and s, the prevention and control of alcoholism and drug dependency were major components of the PAHO Mental Health Program, meaning that a regional adviser was permanently available for collaboration on this topic.
Develop National Mental Antecerentes Programs; Refocus mental health services from institutional to community settings ; Implement measures to control emotional disorders, epilepsies, and psychoses; Strengthen activities to promote the mental health and psychosocial development of children; Increase funding for psiquitria health training programs; Improve legislation and regulations to protect human rights.
Some of the most important elements of the period were: The Technical Units became Projects, whose nature is essentially technical. Three conferences were held as part of this project: During his tenure, Dr. An international epidemiological study on the prevalence of epilepsy in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Venezuela was also promoted. Final report; Washington, DC: A Manual for Health Workers]. Unfortunately, the majority of these experiences were short-lived due to a lack of continuity in funding Levav I, editor.
Inthe name of the technical unit was changed to the Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Unit psiquiatrai indicate the subject areas in which it worked.