call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches. ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were?


These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track. Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations. It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later dcna still the exam. So fast forward two years to and exam Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time.

We will touch on this more in a bit. They also decreased the number of questions on voicd exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam. Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool.


So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam.

History of the CCNA Certification –

The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. It is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam.

This helped to keep the question pool fresh. Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between our routers.

So what was added? Do you remember what a MAU was? Finally to and the new CCNA exam.

Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Voiec from the exam and made the announcement of IOS Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of vouce exam.

As these certifications were introduced, it seems we seen that there was less focus on seeing these concepts on the CCNA exam as they seemed to be phased out during the exam run. But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up.


This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why so many other articles state the first exam was Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification. Cisco Ccnw The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

Well, that is what they were selling at the time. Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.

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So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize. Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer.

Switch Security — Again, as security viice concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering.