LEPTOSPIROSIS KERALA PDF

Leptospirosis cases on the rise in Kerala In the wake of Leptospirosis out break after the floods, there is huge rush at the laboratory at. Flood-hit Kerala is now facing the aftermath of the natural disaster. It is currently hit with leptospirosis or rat fever, which is a bacterial infection. In Kerala, a leptospirosis alert has been issued after the floods. Well, by taking certain precautions, you can safeguard yourself.

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Leptospirosis enters the human body through openings. The patient then requires ventilation and dialysis.

Leptospirosis is transmitted through contact of the skin and mucous membranes with water or mud contaminated with rodent urine. The directorate has since issued specific guidance for prophylactic doses and treatment options.

Symptoms of leptospirosis are similar to symptoms of flu and even meningitis. Leptospirosis is diagnosed by blood and urine tests. Leptospirosis remains unabated; death toll rises to Read Post a comment. All told, the state health machinery seems better prepared to deal with the leptospirosis outbreak now than it was when the floods began receding.

Leptospirosis cases on the rise in Kerala

Maya Thiruvananthapuram, September 03, Accordingly, any person presenting with fever and myalgia and should be given presumptive treatment with doxycycline, mg twice a day for seven days.

Follow us facebook twitter instagram youtube. During heavy flooding, the infectious organism is spread to larger and distant areas and hence everyone who comes into contact with flood waters are at risk of contracting the infection.

Rescue workers, including from the Army and Navy, distributed doxycycline to flood-affected people. The measures taken by the Health department are adequate in the current situation but Health officials are worried that if the numbers were to go up, the health system resources could be under strain as more patients would require high-end care.

You may take this situation very seriously and alert the entire clinical team of your district. According to The News Minute, Health Department officials have reported an increase in the number of leptospirosis cases. Health authorities also marked out special sites within hospitals to isolate and treat leptospirosis patients.

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Rat fever: In Kerala, leptospirosis spread faster than the health department’s warnings after flood

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As the state slowly rebuilds itself, measures have been taken to ensure that people who have come in contact with potentially contaminated water are given preventive medication.

September 04, While at most times, private hospitals sometimes hesitate to report deaths due to infections fearing that they might be blamed for poor treatment, they have been more proactive in reporting cases in the aftermath of the floods. A leptospirosis outbreak in the aftermath of a disaster was an eventuality that the department was prepared to tackle and sufficient warnings had been issued to the public. He should be followed up daily and if at all there are any red flag signs — breathing difficulty, hypotension, jaundice, reduced urine output, any bleeding manifestations, altered sensorium — he should be referred to a tertiary care centre and administered Penicillin therapy or third generation alternatives like ceftriaxone immediately to prevent the patient progressing into further complications.

Inthere were 1, confirmed cases in Kerala, of which 80 deaths were reported, and inthere were 1, cases, of which 35 deaths occurred.

This is to prevent the bacteria from entering the bloodstream through your mouth. The symptoms people commonly present with leptospirossi fever, headache, nausea and vomiting, muscle pain, and excessive tiredness.

Flood-hit Kerala now battles ‘rat fever’: All you need to know about leptospirosis

Ever since August 1, 12 people have reportedly died because of leptospirosis in the flood-hit state. However, grassroots health workers and volunteers engaged in rescue efforts on the ground may not have understood the seriousness of the threat of leptospirosis. The Directorate of Health Services released an action plan for prevention and control of communicable diseases that includes protocol for the control of leptospirosis.

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Related Topics Health Kerala health treatment. Narayani, 80, hailing from Vadakara, died leptospiross leptospirosis while Anil, 54, from Eranhikkal died of suspected leptospirosis on Monday.

Since the diseases spread through contaminated water or soil, try limiting contact with them. It is transmitted either through direct contact with body fluids, usually the urine, keralaa an infected animal, or through contact with soil or water which has been contaminated with infected urine. While the disease maybe unpleasant, it is not entirely life-threatening. Most of these cases and deaths have occurred after the floods. The Kerala government has issued directions to doctors of all the government and private hospitals to remain alert.

Since Kerala is recovering from floods, this may be difficult and puts you at increased risk. For more accuracy, a DNA test might be recommended.

Moreover, not all health professionals may have been aware of the specific treatment protocols for infectious diseases in general and leptospirosis in particular. The majority of those who have taken the drug will not get the disease if consumed as per the guidelines. The disease can affect both humans and animals.

You too can be a part of this movement and help us raise funds for the NGOs working to rehabilitate these families. Antibiotics are usually taken for treatment of leptospirosis. Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox before everyone else!

With inputs from Sreedevi Jayaraj. In the week of SeptemberThrissur and Palakkad did not report deaths, but three deaths were reported in new districts, Thiruvananthapuram and Pathanamthitta where leptospirosis is endemic and the floods enabled the transmission of the parasite from rats to humans.